1. What does “utopia” mean?
is “(the idea of) a perfect society in which everyone works well with each other and is happy” (Cambridge Advanced
2. How are “normality” and “progress”
defined? (p. 17)
egg, one embryo, one adult –normality.”
ninety-six human beings where only one grew before. Progress.”
3. What was so good about this improvement on nature? (p.
Process is one of the major instruments of social stability!’ (…) ‘Ninety-six identical twins working ninety-six
identical machines!’ (…) He quoted the planetary motto: ‘Community, Identity, Stability.’ (…)
The principle of mass production at last applied to biology.”
4. In which way is “human invention” better than
nature? (p. 22)
of course, they didn’t content themselves with merely hatching out embryos: any cow could do that. ‘We also predestine
and condition. We decant our babies as socialized human beings, as Alphas or Epsilons, as future sewage workers or future…’
He was going to say ‘future World Controllers’, but correcting himself, said ‘future Directors of Hatcheries’
5. In what do the Alphas and Epsilons differ from one another?
it occurred to you that an Epsilon embryo must have an Epsilon environment as ell as an Epsilon heredity?’ (…)
‘The lower the caste,’ said Mr. Foster, ‘the shorter the oxygen’.”
6. What is, according to the book, the secret of happiness
and virtue? (p. 24)
that is the secret of happiness and virtue – liking what you’ve got to do. All conditioning aims at that:
making people like their unescapable [read: inescapable] social destiny’.”
7. What was the aim of using loud noises and electric shocks
on the children? (pp. 28-29)
make it psychologically impossible for khaki-wearing Delta babies to like flowers and books.
8. What is the meaning of “What man has joined, nature
is powerless to put asunder”? (p. 29)
grow up with what the psychologists used to call an “instinctive” hatred of books and flowers’.”
9. What was the problem with “the love of nature”?
love of flowers keeps no factories busy. (…) ‘We condition the masses
to hate the country,’ concluded the Director. ‘But simultaneously we condition them to love all country sports.
At the same tome, we see to it that all country sports shall entail the use of elaborate apparatus. So that they consume manufactured
articles as well as transport. Hence those electric shocks.”
10. What was “hypnopaedia” and what view of “education”
did it imply? (p. 30-31, see especially “The Nile” example on p. 32)
is “the principle of sleep-teaching.” Children can learn things by heart by listening to them while they sleep.
Education is mere repetition of things memorized without understanding them.
11. Why was hypnopedia not good for science, but excellent
for moral and social education? (pp. 32-33)
can’t learn a science unless you understand what it’s all about” (…) But moral education you can.
“Moral education, which ought never, in any circumstances, to be rational.” (p. 32) These are “words without
reason” (p. 33).
12. How is “mind” defined? (p. 34)
the child’s mind is these suggestions, and the sum of the suggestions is the child’s mind. And not
the child’s mind only. The adult’s mind, too – all his life long. The mind that judges and desires and decides
– made up of these suggestions. But all these suggestions are our suggestions!’ The Director almost shouted
in his triumph. ‘Suggestions from the State.’ He banged the nearest table. ‘It therefore follows…’.”
13. Which games are approved of in Brave New World and why?
the folly of allowing people to play elaborate games which do nothing whatever to increase consumption. It’s madness.
Nowadays the Controllers won’t approve of any new game unless it can be shown that it requires at least as much apparatus
as the most complicated of existing games.”
14. Why has the Brave New World been described as a “negative
presents the Brave New World as a prefabricated, lifeless world. Human interaction has become patterned after the factory
15. What country do you think Aldous Huxley had in mind while
writing this social satire?
was thinking especially of the USA. That is why the text speaks of Our Ford, paraphrasing the Our Father.
16. What is the central message of this piece of writing?
“Humanity is carefree, healthy and technologically advanced. Warfare and poverty have been eliminated and everyone
is permanently happy. The irony is that all of these things have been achieved by eliminating many things people currently
derive happiness from — family, cultural diversity, art, literature, science, religion and philosophy. It is also a
hedonistic society, deriving pleasure from promiscuous sex and drug use.” Wikipedia.