Q. What is the good?
A. “(…) the good has rightly been
declared to be that at which all things aim (i.e. their telos).”
Q. Are all goods equal?
A. “Now, as there are many actions, arts,
and sciences, their ends also are many.”
Q. What is higher: the personal good or
the communal good?
A. “For even if the end is the same
for a single man and for a state, that of the state seems at all events something greater and more complete whether to attain
or to preserve (…).”
A. “(…) though it is worth
while to attain the end merely for one man, it is finer and more godlike to attain it for a nation or for city-states.”
Q. Why is it important to classify the
objects of our inquiries?
A. To see whether you can reach either
certainty or probability.
Q. What is the problem with the passions
and the pursuit of the good?
A. Right judgement presupposes clear knowledge
and the passions can obfuscate (or blur) the vision of the mind, letting us think that we are doing things because they are
the right thing, while we are doing them only because we feel like it. People who are lead primarily by their
passions cannot say that their actions are always the most rational. [Of course, several questions could be raised.
For instance: How free can our intellect be from our emotions? Is it desirable that we always follow our “cold”
Q. What is the telos of all human
pursuit, according to Aristotle?
A. “(…) it is happiness,”
identifying “living well and doing well with being happy.”